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Gousev, Y. P., Gol'tsman, G. N., Karasik, B. S., Gershenzon, E. M., Semenov, A. D., Barowski, H. S., et al. (1996). Quasioptical superconducting hot electron bolometer for submillmeter waves. Int. J. of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 17(2), 317–331.
Abstract: We report on a superconducting hot electron bolometer coupled to radiation via a broadband antenna. The bolometer, a structured NbN film, was patterned on a thin dielectric membrane between terminals of a gold slotline antenna. We investigated the response to submillimeter radiation (wave-lengths ∼ 0.1 mm to 0.7 mm) in the fundamental Gaussian mode. We found that the directivity of the antenna was constant within a factor of 2.5 through the whole experimental range. The noise equivalent power of the bolometer at 119 µm was ∼ 3 · 10−13 W/Hz1/2; a time constant of ∼ 160 ps was estimated.