Sidorova, M., Semenov, A., Hübers, H.  W., Kuzmin, A., Doerner, S., Ilin, K., et al. (2018). Timing jitter in photon detection by straight superconducting nanowires: Effect of magnetic field and photon flux. Phys. Rev. B, 98(13), 134504 (1 to 14).
Abstract: We studied the effects of the external magnetic field and photon flux on timing jitter in photon detection by straight superconducting NbN nanowires. At two wavelengths 800 and 1560 nm, statistical distribution in the appearance times of photon counts exhibits Gaussian shape at small times and an exponential tail at large times. The characteristic exponential time is larger for photons with smaller energy and increases with external magnetic field while variations in the Gaussian part of the distribution are less pronounced. Increasing photon flux drives the nanowire from the discrete quantum detection regime to the uniform bolometric regime that averages out fluctuations of the total number of nonequilibrium electrons created by the photon and drastically reduces jitter. The difference between standard deviations of Gaussian parts of distributions for these two regimes provides the measure for the strength of electronnumber fluctuations; it increases with the photon energy. We show that the twodimensional hotspot detection model explains qualitatively the effect of magnetic field.

