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Varyukhin, S. V., Zakharov, A. A., Gershenzon, E. M., Gol'tsman, G. N., Ptitsyna, N. G., & Chulkova, G. M. (1990). AC losses and submillimeter absorption in single crystals La2CuO4. Phys. B Condens. Mat., 165-166, 1269–1270.
Abstract: The La2CuO4 single crystals were used to carry out the measurements of transmission spectra within the submillimeter range of wavelengths, as well as the capacitance C and conductivity G in the region of acoustic frequencies of the metal-dielectric-La2Cu04 system at low temperatures. The optical spectra display a threshold character. There takes place a sharp decreasing of transmission signal in the energy range of hυ>1.5meV. The C(ω,T) and G(ω,T) dependences have a universal form characteristic of relaxation processes of the Debye type. The relaxation time dependence displays a thermoactivation character τ(T)-exp(ξ/T) with a gap value of ξ≃2meV,coinciding with the optical one. It is assumed that there exist excitations with a characteristic energy ~ 2meV in La2Cu04.A possible nature of the revealed low-energy excitations is discussed.