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Varyukhin, S. V., Zakharov, A. A., Gershenzon, E. M., Gol'tsman, G. N., Ptitsina, N. G., & Chulkova, G. M. (1990). Low energy excitation in La2CuO4. Sverkhprovodimost': Fizika, Khimiya, Tekhnika, 3(5), 832–837.
Abstract: Measurements of transmission and photoconductivity spectra in submillimeter wave length range as well as of capacity C and conductivity G in the region of acoustic frequencies of metal-dielectric-La2CuO4 system at low temperatures are performed using La2CuO4 monocrystals. Optical spectra posses a threshold character, a sharp decrease of transmission and photocoductivity signal occurs in the energy region hν>1.5 MeV. C(ω,T) and G(ω, T) dependences have a universal form typical of Debye type relaxation processes. Relaxation time dependence is of thermoactivated character τ(T)∼exp(ξ/T) with the gap value ξ≅2 meV. It is assumed that excitations with characteristic energy of ∼2 meV exist in La2CuO4. A possible nature of the detected low-energy excitations is discussed.